Les dues tradicions de la música clàssica hindú es varen escindir per la confusió del període islàmic.
HINDUSTANI & CARNATIC
Indian classical music is a genre of South Asian music. It has two major traditions: the North Indian classical music tradition is called Hindustani, while the South Indian expression is called Carnatic. These traditions were not distinct till about the 16th century. There on, during the turmoils of Islamic rule period of the Indian subcontinent, the traditions separated and evolved into distinct forms. Hindustani music and Carnatic music emphasizes a wide range of improvisation and exploration of all aspects of a raga, where Carnatic performances also tend to be not only short and composition-based.  However, the two systems continue to have more common features than differences.